Andreas Goldthau

How the EU gives its soft power a hard edge in energy

International security debates surrounding the European Union energy supply challenge commonly invoke the need for more EU hard power – e.g. getting tough on Russia or engaging directly with other exporters. This article, published with Review of International Political Economy, explores how the EU, short of hard power tools such as gunboats and military coercion, uses regulation to give its soft power a hard edge. Read more.

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